Category Archives: OLF

የኦሮሞን ሕዝብ ትግል ከመጠራጠር ይልቅ

አድ አዳማ

freedomበኦሮሚያ የተነሳው ሕዝባዊ አመፅ አሁንም ተቀጣጥሎ በቀጠለበት በአሁኑ ሰአት በሌላው የኢትዮዽያ ክፍል ግን አልፎ አልፎ ጎንደር ላይ ከሚሰማው ውጥረት በስተቀር ይህ ነው የሚባል ምንም አይነት የአመፅ እንቅስቃሴ አይታይም። በተለያዩ ሚዲያዎች ወይም ድሕረ ገጾች ሌሎች ክልሎች ሕዝባዊ አመፁን እንደሚቀላቀሉና በኦሮሞ ህዝብ ያለዉ ጥያቄ በሌሎች ክልሎችም እንዳለና አንድ ቀን ሊፈነዳ እንደሚችል ሲነገር ቆይቷል ነገር ግን እስካሁን አመርቂ የሆነ እንቅስቃሴ በሌሎች ክልሎች የተደረገበት ሁኔታ የለም። አንዳንድ ከኦሮሚያ ክልል ውጪ ያሉ ፖለቲከኞች እንደሚሉት ከሆነ ሌላው ክልል አመፁን ያልተቀላቀሉበት ምክንያት በትግሉ ላይ ጥርጣሬ ስላላቸው ፣ ወይም አንድ ፀሀፊ እንዳስቀመጡት በኦሮሚያ እና በአካባቢዋ የተነሳውን ሕዝባዊ አመጽ ሌሎች ክልሎች ያልተቀላቀለበት ምክንያት በኦሮሞ ሕዝባዊ አመጽ ውስጥ የማያምኑት ንጥረ ብሔርተኝነት አለ ወይም ይኖራል ብለው በመፍራታቸው ነው። ስለዚህ ትግሉ Oromo Protest የሚለው Ethiopian Protest በሚለዉ መቀየር ይኖርበታል ይላሉ። ሌላው ደሞ በተለይ ስለ ርዕሰ መዲናዋ ፊንፊኔ ወይም አዲስ አበባ ሲነሳ አምስት ለአንድን መደራጀት እንደትልቅ ምክንያት ይጠቀሳል ነገር ግን ሁለቱም ምክንያት ውሃ የማይቁዋጥሩ ናቸው።

አምስት ለአንድ ከሚለው ከሁለተኛው ምክንያት ልነሳ። አምስት ለአንድ የሚባለው የስለላ መረባቸውን ፋሺስት TPLF በመላው ኢትዮዽያ ሲጠቀሙበት ቆይተዋል። ነገር ግን እንኩዋን የተማረው ያልተማረው ጀግናው የኦሮሞ ገበሬ አፈራርሶ ከጥቅም ውጪ አድርጎታል። ጉዳዩ ምንም የተለየ ሚስጥር የለወም ይህ ከታች ያለውን ምስል እንመልከት። ይች የምታዩዋት ፈረስ በመጀመሪያ ሰሞን ጠንካራና የማይነቃነቅ ግንድ ላይ ነበር ስትታሰር የቆየችው አሁን ግን አንድ ፕላስቲክ ወንበር ላይ ታስራ ሳትንቅሳቅስ እንደ ድሮው ጠንካራና የማይነቃነቀው ግንድ ላይ የታሰረች መስሏት ቆማለች። ይህ የሚያመለክተው የዚህች ፈረስ የታሰረው አእምሮዋ እንጂ አካሏ አይደለም። ስለዚህም የአዲስ አበባ ህዝብ ያልተነሳው የአምስት ለአንዱ አደረጃጀት ጥንካሬ ሳይሆን በውስጡ ባለው አላስፈላጊ የሆነ ጥርጣሬ እና ፍራቻ ነዉ። አምስት ለአንዱን እናፍርስ ከተባለ የሚያስፈልገው ቆራጥነትና ዋጋ መክፈል ብቻ ነው። የኦሮሞ ሕዝብ ወያኔዎች ልጆቹን በገደሉበት ወቅት ቀብሮ ዝም ብሎ ወደቤቱ አልተመለሰም ይልቁንም ሞት አያቆመንም በማለት የቀብሩን ስነስረዓት እየቀየረ የተቁዋሞ መድረክ እያደረገው አመጹን ቀጥልዋል። ለውጥ ለማምጣት መስዋት መሆን የግድ ነው ብሎም ያምንል።

አሁን ደግሞ ትግሉ ብሔርተኝነት በውስጡ አለ በሚል ሌሎች ብሔሮች በጥርጣሬ ያዩታል ስለዚህ ትግሉ Oromo Protest የሚለው Ethiopian Protest ወደሚለው መቀየር ይኖርበታል ወደሚለው ልመለስ። በመጀመሪያ ደረጃ የ25 አመቱ ግፍና መከራ አንገሽግሾት አመጹን ያለምንም ማመንታት ውድ ልጆቹን መሰዋእት በማድረግ ከሁለት ወራቶች በላይ እያካሄደ ያለው የኦሮሞ ሕዝብ ነው። ስለዚህ Oromo Protest የሚለው የአመፁ መጠሪያ ብዙም የሚያከራክር አይደለም። ሲቅጥል 45 ምሊዮን ከሚሆን ህዝብ አንድ አይነት አመለካከት ብቻ መጠበቅ የለየለት ሞኝነት ይመስለኛል። ስለዚህ የኦሮሞ ሕዝብ እየሞተ ትግሉን በቀጠለበት ወቅት ሌላው ህዝብ የችግሩ ተጠቂ ሆኖ ዝምታን ሲመርጥ ብሄርተኝነት በተቁዋሞ ውስጥ መንፀባረቁ የሚገርም አይሆንም።

ትግሉን ከOromo Protest ወደ Ethiopian Protest መቀየር ከተፈለገ የቀረዉ ሕዝብ እንደ ኦሮሞ ሕዝብ መነሳት በቂ ይናሆል። እዚህ ጋር ሌላው ሕዝብ ለመነሳት የኦሮሞ ሕዝብ ትግል አጋር መሆን ወይም መቀላቀል ሳይሆን የሚያስፈልገው የራሳቸውን ችግር ማንሳት ብቻ በራሱ ከበቂ በላይ ነው። የትኛውም ክልል ወይም ብሔረሰብ በወያኔ መራሹ የወንበዴ ጥርቅሞች ላይ ለመነሳት እልፍ አእላፍ የሆኑ ከበቂ በላይ ምክያቶች አሉት። እስቲ ለአብነት ያህል ልክ እንደ ኦሮሚያው ለህዝባዊ እምቢተኝነት የሚያበቁ ምክንያቶችን በስፋት ሕዝባዊ ተቃውሞ ይነሳባቸዋል ተብሎ የሚጠበቁ የተወሰኑ ክልሎች ወስደን እንመልከት። በመጀመሪያ አማራ ክልል ቀጥሎ ደሞ ርዕሠ መዲናዋን ከዚያ ጋምቤላ ወስደን እንመለከታለን።አሁንም ወያኔዎች የሚያደርሱት ልክ የሌለው የ25 አመቱ ግፍና በደል እንዳለ ሆኖ ልክ ከኦሮሚያ ክልል ተነጥቆ ለአዲስ አበባ ሊሰጥ እንደነበረው ወልቃይት በሀይል ወደ ትግራይ አልተካለለም፧ ዋልድባ ገዳም በግፍ ለኢንቨስተሮች አልተሸጠም፧ ከሁሉ የሚብሰው ደሞ ከጎንደር ሰፊ መሬት ተነጥቆ ለባዕድ ሀገር ሱዳን ለመስጠት ወያኔ የካርታ የማንሳት ስራዋን እያጠናቀቀች አይደለምን፧ ካሉት አያሌ ምክንያቶች ለህዝባዊ እንቢተኝነት እነኝህ ከላይ የተጠቀሱት ከበቂ በላይ ናቸው።

አዲስ አበባ ከምርጫ 97 ጋር በተያያዘ በአንድ ቀን ከ 200 የሚበልጡ ዜጎችዋን አጥታ ደም ዕንባ አላነባችም፧ ነጋዴ በግፍ ከገበያ ሲስተም እንዲወጣ አልተደረገም፧ በአረብ ሀገር ግፍና በደል ለደረሰባቸው ወገኖች ሰልፍ የወጡ ዜጎች በአጋዚ ወታደሮች አልተቀጠቀጡም፧ በሊብያ በአሸባሪዎች ለተቀሉት ወገኖች መንግስት እራሱ በጠራው ሰልፍ ላይ የተገኙ ዜጎች በአደባባይ የዱላ ውርጅብኝ አልወረደባቸውም፧ የጋምቤላ ህዝብ ከመሬቱ በኢንቨስትመንት ስም አልተፈናቀለምን፧ የጋምቤላ ክልል ከ400 በላይ ዜጎቹን አጥቶ የፍርድ ያለህ አያለ እየጮኸ አይደለምን፧ ኡጋዴን ሲዳማ እያልን ብንቀጥል ለሕዝባዊ አመፅ የሚያበቁ በርካታ ምክንያቶች አሉ።

ታዲያ ይሄ ሁሉ መከራና ስቃይ እየደረሰበት ሌላው ብሔረሰብ ያለመነሳቱ ሚስጥር ምን ይሆን፧፧፧ ልክ ፀሀፊው እንዳስቀመጡት በኦሮሚያ እና በአካባቢዋ የተነሳውን ሕዝባዊ አመጽ የሌላ ብሄረሰብ ሰዎች (በይበልጥም አማራው ) ያልተቀላቀለበት ምክንያት በዚህ በኦሮሞ ሕዝባዊ አመጽ ውስጥ የማያምኑት ንጥረ ብሔርተኝነት አለ ወይም ይኖራል ብለው በመፍራታቸው ከሆነ ገና ለገና የኦሮሞ ብሔርተኝነትን በመፍራት አማራው ለመብቱ መከበር ላይነሳ ነው፧ ወልቃይትንም አሳልፎ ሊሰጥ ነው፧ ሁሉም ይቅር የጎንደር መሬት ተቆርሶ ለሱዳን ሲሰጥ ዝም ብሎ ሊመለከት ነው፧ እምቢተኝነቱ በጥርጣሬ ታየ አልታየ የኦሮሞ ሕዝብ ከመቼውም በላይ ጥንካሬውን እያሳየ ተቃዉሞውን ሳያቁዋርጥ ወደፊት እየገፋ ነው። ዋናው ነገር እዚጋ የኦሮሞ ህዝብ እምቢተኝነት ፣ ብሔርተኝነት ይኑረው አይኑረው የሚወሰነው በሕዝቡ ነው። ስለዚህ የኦሮሞ ሕዝብ እንቢተኝነት በውስጡ ብሔርተኝነት አለበት ከማለት ይልቅ ሱዳን ድንበራን አካላ ሕጋዊ ከማድረጉዋ በፊት ወያኔ የማካለሉን ስራ ተግባራዊ እንዳታደርግ የአማራው ሕዝብ ሌላውን በማስተባበር ሕዝባዊ እምቢተኝነቱን ከዳር እስከዳር አንቀሳቅሶ ልክ እንደ ማስተር ፕላኑ ተግባራዊ እንዳይሆን ማስቆም አለበት።

 

Wallee Qeerroo OROMO: Ka’i Ka’i #OromoProtests

The Hard Truth: Justice Must Be Served

HRLHA

HRLHA’s  Statement on the  USA, EU and UN concerns on the Oromo Nation Uprise

January 22, 2016

The  tireless voices for the voiceless spoken by human rights organizations such as Amnesty International (AI), Human Rights Watch (HRW), the Human Rights League of the Horn of Africa (HRLHA) and others- for decades-about the gross human rights violations in Ethiopia have caught the attention of the world and  finally the hard truth has been revealed.

The US Government, the EU parliament and UN experts condemn the killings, detentions and kidnappings in the Oromo Nation by  Ethiopian Government forces. The Oromo nation demand and that their basic freedoms and fundamental rights be respected in their own country

  • The  USA Government in its statements of December 18, 2015“The United States, Calls for Meaningful Dialogue About Oromo Community Concerns”[1] and  14 January 2016 ” The United States Concerned By Clashes in Oromia, Ethiopia[2]condemned the Ethiopian brutality against peaceful protestors and  urged the government of Ethiopia to permit peaceful protest and commit to a constructive dialogue to address legitimate grievances.
  • The European Union  in its  debate on 21 January 2016 discussed the“Human Rights Situation in Ethiopia”[3]
    The  EU Parliament strongly condemns the recent use of violence by  the security forces and the increased number of cases of human rights violations in Ethiopia. It calls for a credible, transparent and independent investigation into the killings of at least 140 protesters and into other alleged human rights violations in connection with the protest movement after the May 2015 federal elections in the country.
  • The UN Experts in their release  of 21 Jan. 2016: “ UN experts urge Ethiopia to halt a violent crackdown on Oromia protesters, ensure accountability for abuses[4]. They called on the Ethiopian authorities to end the ongoing crackdown on peaceful protests by the country’s security forces, who have reportedly killed more than 140 demonstrators and arrested scores only in the past nine weeks.

The Human Rights League of the Horn of Africa appreciates the statements coming out  from different governmental agencies and governments exposing  the ethnic persecutions and crimes against humanity in Oromia Regional State by Ethiopian Government forces in which over  180 Oromo nationals from all walks of life have been brutalized by the special force “Agazi”, over  8,050 Oromo were arbitrarily detained and where large numbers were kidnapped and taken to an unknown destination.

To stop further  human catastrophes in Oromia Regional State, the HRLHA urges the world community to continue putting pressure on the Ethiopian  government:

  • To immediately withdraw its special force “Agazi” from the OromiaRegional State and bring the  perpetrators  to justice
  • To unconditionally release the detainees
  • To compensate, all casualties have been done  by the government-sponsored criminals
  • To abort the state of emergency declared in Oromia Regional State
  • All authorities who were involved in the present political crisis in the Oromia Regional state, including the PMs special advisor AbayTseye and the PM of Ethiopia HailemariamDessalengn, should be stripped of their government responsibilities
  • To allow independent investigators into the country to conduct an investigation into the present and past gross human rights violations in Oromia Regional State

ማስተር ፕላኑ ቆሟል የሚባለው ቧልት

አድ አዳማ

OPDO faces stiff resistance

መጀመሪያውኑ ማስተር ፕላን የሚባል ነገር የለም ማስተር ጥፋት እንጂ ባልፈው ፅሑፌም ደጋግሜ ያሰፈርኩት ማስተር ጥፋት በማለት ሲሆን እዚህ ፅሁፍ ውስጥም የምጠቀመው ማስተር ጥፋት የሚለውን ይሆናል።የዚህ የማስተር ጥፋት ተቁዋሞ ከተጀመረ ረጅም ግዜ ቢሆነውም በአዲስ መልክ እና በተጠናከረ መልኩ ከጀመረ ግን January 12 ድፍን 2 ወሩ አለፈ።ነገሩ በድጋሜ የተቀሰቀሰበት ምክንያት ደሞ ቀደም ብሎ በጨፌ ኦሮሚያ ኢናጉሬሽን ቀን ወያኔ በእጅ አዙር ያለምንም ውይይት ማስተር ጥፋቱ እንዲጸድቅ አደረገች።ይህ በእንዲህ እንዳለ ለትምህርት ቤት ኩዎስ ሜዳ ይውላል የተባልን ቦታ ያለምንም እፍረት የወያኔ ካድሬዎች ተከፋፈሉት ምን እሱ ብቻ ጨለመውን የሚያክል ደን ለአድ ግለሰብ ወያኔ ሸጠችው ለነገሩ በህይወት ያለ ሰው አንድ ጫካ ቢገዛ ምን ይደንቃል የመለስ ፓርክ የመለስ ፓርክ እተባለ አገር ምድሩን የሞተ ወሮት የለ እንዴ ሊያውም በነፃ ። ታዲያ ይህንን ቁጭ ብሎ ማየት ያቃተው የጊንጪ ህዝብ በቃኝ, መበዝበዝ በቃኝ, በሙት መንፈስ መገዛት በቃኝ, እየተንገፈገፉ ከመኖርስ መሞት ይሻላል ሲል ሰላማዊ ተቁዋሞ ሊያሰማ አደባባይ ወጣ። ሰላም የማይገባው የወያኔ መንግስት ግን ትክክለኛ መልስ ነው ብሎ ያስቀመጠው ጥይት ነበር እናም ንጹሀን ኦሮሞች ሰላማዊ ጥያቄን ስለጠየቁ በአደባባይ ተገደሉ። የንጹሀን ኦሮሞዎች በአደባባይ መሞት የኦሮሞን ህዝብ ከትግሉ ወደሗላ አላስኬደውም ይልቁንም ልክ ቤንዚን እንደተርከፈከፈበት ጭድ ከሰሜን እስከ ደቡብ ከምስራቅ እስከ ምእራብ ትግሉን በተጋጋለ ሁኔታ አቀጣጠለው።

ይህ የህዝብ ትግል ያስፈራት ወያኔ የኦሮሞ ህዝብን በየአጣሚው መግደሉን ቀጠለች የሟቾች ቁጥር በረከተ ውሻ በበላበት ይጮሀል እንዲሉ የኦሮሚያ ክልላዊ መንግስት ፕሬዘዳንት አቶ ሙክታር ከድርም እነኛ የሰባት አመት ሕጻን ልጅ ላይ ሳይቀር ቦንብ የሚጥሉ አረመኔ ገዳዮችን በአደባባይ አመሰገኑ። የኦሮሞ ህዝብ ግን አረመኔዎችን መፍራት ሳይሆን ከስልጣን ማስወገድ ነው ሲል ትግሉን ቀጠለ ወያኔም ትግሉን ፈጽሞ መግታት አቃታት። የዚህን ሰፊ ህዝብ ትግል ከመፍራት የተነሳ አሸባሪ, ጠባብ ዘረኞች ,ወንበዴዎች ,አጋንንት ,ጠንቁዋይ ,ከጀርባው አሸባሪ አለ, እከሌ አለ እያሉ ስም ሰጡት ተራና የወረደ ስድብም ተሳደቡ ። ይህ ውንጀላ ግን ትግሉን ወደፊት ከማጠናከር ይልቅ ቅንጣት ታህል ወደሗላ አልመለሰውም እነደውም ሁለት ወር አልፎት ሶስተኛ ወሩን ማስቆጠር ጀመረ። ይሄኔ ነው ታድያ ሕወሓት በኦህዴድ በኩል ማስተር ጥፋቱ ያለምንም ቅድመ ሁኔታ ቆሟል ሲሉ የማደናገሪያ ሀሳቡን ያስታወቁት።ወጉ ለምን ይቅርብን ያሉት ሆዳም ኦህዴዶች ልክ አጽድቁ ሲባሉ እንዳጸደቁት ሁሉ ዛሬ ደሞ ባለማፈር ማስተር ጥፋቱን አቁመነዋል አሉ ለነገሩ ሆዳም ምን አእምሮ አለውና ያፍራል። ይህ ከላ የጠቀስኩት ማስተር ጥፋቱን ከጥንስሱ ጀምሮ በቁርጥኝነት ሲከራከሩ የነበሩትን የኦህዴድ አባላትን አይመለከትም እነሱም ይህን በዚ መልኩ እንድሚርዱኝ እርግጠኛ ነኝ ምክያቱም እኔ ኦህዴድ የምለው ለሆዳቸው ያደሩትን ብቻ ንው።
በኦሮሞ ህዝብ በኩል ማስተር ጥፋቱ ቆሙዋል የሚለውን ሀሳብ እንደ አንድ ድል ቢወስደዉም ይህ ግን የሮሞ ህዝብ የሚጠብቀቀው የመጨረሻ ውጤት አይደለም ። ድል ያልንበት ምክያት በወያኔ የእድሜ ዘመን ለመጀመሪያ ግዜ ሽንፈትን ያመነበት በመሆኑ ነው። ከዘህ ቀጥሎ በሚጠቀሱት የተለያዩ ምክኛቶች ደሞ የሚጠበቀው የመጨረሻ ውጤት አይሆንም።

1 ኛ ቆሞል የሚለው የማደናገሪያ ሀሳብ ሙሉ ለሙሉ ተሰርዙዋል ወይም ቀርቱዋል በሚለው ሀሳብ መተካት አለበት ምክንያቱም የቆመን ነገር ያቆመው አካል በፈለገው ሰአት መልሶ ማንቀሳቀስ ስለሚችል ለምሳሌ ይህ ማስተር ጥፋት ወያኔ አምናበት ባይሆንም በ 2014 የሰማኒያዎችን ሕይወት ከቀጠፈ በሗላ ቆሞ ነበር ታዲያ ይኸው ተመልሶ በ 2015 ደግሞ ተነሳ ስለዚህ ይህ ማስተር ጥፋት ጨርሶ መሰረዝ ነው ያለበት።

2 ኛ ይህ ማስተር ጥፋት ከተጀመረበት 2014 ጀምሮ በሰላማዊ መንገድ ለመቃወም አደባባይ ወጥተው የተገደሉት ሰዎች ቁጥር 200 አልፋል፣ ወደግፍና ማሰቃያ ቦታ የታጎሩ ኦሮሞች ቁጥር በበርካታ ሺዎይች ይቆጠራል (እዚጋ እስር ቤት አላልኩም ልብ በሉ የግፍና የስቃይ ቦታ ነው ያልኩት ምክንያቱም እስርቤት የሚለው ቃል ጥፋት አጥፍተው ወይም ወንጀል ሰርተው ለመታረም የሚገቡትን እጂ ለንጹሀን ዜጎችን ስለማይመጥን ነው) አያሌዎች በአጋዚ ጥይትና ቦምብ ቆስለዋል አያሌዎች ደሞ ተሰደዋል ስለዚህ መንግስት በቅድሚያ የዚህ ሁሉ ጥፋትን ሀላፊነት ወስዶ ተገቢውን ካሳ መክፈል አለባት።

3 ኛ መንግስት የህዝቡ
ጥያቄ ተገቢና ልክ መሆኑን ስላመነ ኦሮሚያን የወረረው የአጋዚና የፌደራል ወታደር
ያለምንም ቅድመ ሁኔታ ኦሮሚያን ለቆ ወደ መጣበት መመለስ አለበት።

4 ኛ የኦሮሞ ህዝብን ጠንቁዋይ አጋንንት ጠባብ ጽንፈኛ እያሉ ልክ እናስገባዋል ብለው የፎከሩ የመንግስት ባለስልጣኖች በአደባባይ ወተው የኦሮሞ ህዝብን ይቅርታ መጠየቅ አለባቸው።

5 ኛ በመጀመሪያውኑ የረቀቀው ማስተር ጥፋት ለጨፌ ኦሮሚያ የተላከው እንዲወያዩበት ሳይሆን እንደነ ሙክታር ከድር ያሉ ለሆዳቸው ያደሩ ከዳተኞች እንዲያፀድቁት ሕወሓቶች የላኩት ነበር። ነገር ግን ኦሕዴድን ሕወሓቶች ባስቀመጡበት አላገኙትም በርከት ያሉ ለኦሮሞና ለኦሮሞ ሕዝብ ብቻ የሚሰሩ ውድ የኦርሞ ልጆች ተቀላቅለውበታል ስለዚህ ይህ ማስተር ጥፋት ገና ከእቅዱ እክል ገጥሞት ወደ አደባባይ ወጥቶ ለዚህ በቅቷል። ለኦህዴድ ይህን የጥፋት እቅድ አውጥቶ የሰጠው አካል ነው መሰረዝ ያለበት እንጂ ኦህዴድማ በምን አቅሙ።

6 ኛ ባለፈው
ጽሁፌ እንደጠቀስኩት የኦሮሞ ህዝብ ጥያቄ አድጎ ይህ መንግስት ዲክታተርና ጨካኝ ብቻ ሳይሆን የኦሮሞ ሕዝብን ለማጥፋት በየግዜው የጥፋት እቅዶችን አቅዶ የሚንቀሳቀስ በመሆኑ እኛ እራሳችን ይበጀናል የምንለውን መሪ መምረጥ እንፈልጋለን በመሆኑም ያለምንም ቅድመ ሁኔታ መንግስት ስልጣኑን ይልቀቅ። ወያኔ ከዚህ በሗላ በምንም መመዘኛ የኦሮሞ ሕዝብን የማስተዳደር ብቃት በፍፁም አይኖረውም።

በትንሹ እነኝህ ከላይ የተጠቀሱት 6 ነጥቦች በተግባር እስካልዋሉ ድረስ ሕዝባዊ አመፁ ይጨምር ይሆናል እንጂ አይቀንስም። ትግሉ በመሀል ቀዝቀዝ ሊል ይችላል ይህ ማለት ግን እራሱ የትግሉ ስልት እንጂ በምንም አይነት የወያኔ ወታደሮች ተቆጣጥረውት አይደለም። በመጨረሻ ማሰብ, መስማት, ማየትና ማስተዋል ለተሳናቸው የሕወሓት ሰዎች የምሰጣቸው ትንሽ ምክር ብጤ ቢኖር ከሕዝባችን ጫንቃ ላይ ከዚህ የባሰ አደጋና ቁርሾ ሳይመጣ በመውረድ ሳይመሽባችሁ ሰላም መፍጠር ያዋጣችሗል እላለሁ። በተለይ ደሞ ወጣት የሕወሓት አባላት አቶ አባይ ፀሐዬ የሚደነፋው የቀረኝ እድሜ አጭር ነው ብሎ ነው እናተ ግን ዛሬ ሰላምን መፍጠር ካልቻላቹ የአባት እዳ ለልጅ የሚለው በእናንተ ላይ ተግባራዊ እንደሚሆን አትጠራጠሩ።የኦሮሞ ሕዝብ ድልን እንደሚቀዳጅ ቅንጣት ታህል ጥርጣሬ የለንም።

ድል ለህዝባችን

አዴው (አድ አዳማ) ከኖርወይ

EPRDF’s Master Marksman, Abay Tsehaye, Misfires Again

By Hassen Hussein

b_400_370_16777215_00_images_abay_tsehaye(OPride) — Every revolution has its villain—some well deserved, others not so. The ongoing Oromo protests, which began in November, is gradually morphing into a revolution similar to the Arab Spring and not unlike the color revolutions that swept decades of authoritarian rule in Eastern Europe.

The budding Oromo revolution — which has engulfed Ethiopia’s vast Oromia region, home to close to half the country’s population of 100 million — has a true villain in the name of Abay Tsehaye. He is not Ethiopia’s strongman but rather the man behind the throne.

Officially, Tsehaye is Special Political Advisor to Prime Minister Hailemariam Desalegn, who assumed the premiership after the death of long-time strongman, the late Meles Zenawi. The one time chairman of the Tigrean People’s Liberation Front (TPLF), the kingmakers in the ruling Ethiopian People’s Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF) coalition, is known as a skilled politician and a shifty survivor of many purges and palace intrigues.

Ermias Legesse Wakjira, a recent high-profile defector from the ruling party, describes Tsehaye as a master marksman when it came to the choice and delivery of words. EPRDF officials fear Tsehaye’s fetal rebuke during the party’s gladiatorial critical evaluation sessions known asgimgema. While his sure-footed performance on such forums earned him acclaim in party circles, the aging Tigrean leader has misfired twice in as many years while commenting on the Oromo protests.

The Oromo protests were triggered by a controversial plan, which aims to incorporate vast swathes of small Oromo towns and rural farming villages into the capital Addis Ababa, displacing millions of subsistence farmers.

The unveiling of the plan in April 2014 created an uproar among the party’s own mid-rank loyalists halting its planned implementation. At least 75 were killed, scores wounded and thousands were imprisoned following weeks of protests.  Tsehaye was called upon to clear the muddy waters in a meeting in the southern town of Hawasa and secure buy-in from the Oromo portion of the ruling party, the Oromo People’s Democratic Organization (OPDO). In a leaked audio from the meeting, Tsehaye reportedly threatened that the Master Plan will be implemented whether some liked it or not and that the plan’s opponents will be quashed.

The arrogance of his alleged threats provoked a crescendo of widespread, vehement and righteous outrage among the Oromo. In November 2015, protesters returned to the streets when word leaked that the federal government was quietly pursuing the plan’s implementation. More than 150 protesters have been killed over the past nine weeks in the most unprecedented popular uprising the country has ever witnessed. In the process, Tsehaye has earned the dubious honor of being the chief villain.

But Tsehaye remained silent as the controversy spawned by his words swirled. On Jan. 16, when he finally broke his silence, instead of admitting that his prized asset, his lethal tongue, has irredeemably failed him, Tsehaye once again plunged himself headlong into much hotter waters.

In a curious interview with friendly and independent-sounding Horn Affairs blog, Tsehaye categorically denied ever uttering that famous phrase that inflamed and animated Oromo revolutionaries, at home and abroad: that the master plan will be implemented regardless of the public’s opposition to it and his party will mercilessly silence those who dare oppose it.

Tsehaye lost his otherwise calm demeanor when the interviewer asked him why people chose to mischaracterize or falsify his words. In a typical EPRDF-tactic of attacking the messenger, he lashed out against all manner of enemies. He accused his detractors of “ethnic hostility, hatred of Tigreans.” The long-time federal affairs minister, who ran Ethiopia’s supposedly autonomous federal states, then blamed the debacle around Oromo protests, which are threatening to spread to other parts of the country and thereby testing the ruling party’s tight grip on power as never before, on the OPDO, specifically those whom he called corrupt local administrators and businessmen and middlemen who benefited from shoddy land deals.

Although the government acknowledges that corruption and bad governance are system-wide problems, pointing fingers at the OPDO and its corruption is not new. In fact, that has been the staple sound bite of not only the foul-mouthed federal communications minister, Getachew Reda, but also TPLF-affiliated media outfits such as the local Zami FM radio hosted by Mimi Sebhatu, formerly of Voice of America and one of the most unabashed apologists for the bloodbath unleashed by the security forces in an unsuccessful bid to contain peaceful protests in Oromia, which OPDO, in a recent statement, described as a legitimate expression of popular will.

The condescending and disparaging messages from TPLF leaders and their associates did not go unnoticed by OPDO. In a recent interview with Sebhatu, Abbadula Gamada, Speaker of the House of Representatives and former president of the Oromia state, took issue with the vilification of OPDO as a den for corruption, saying the accusations were an inflammatory disinformation.

In an apparent bid to rally Tigreans to his defense, Tsehaye wondered why Oromo protesters would chant slogans critical of the TPLF when “corrupt OPDO officials and their businessmen friends are responsible for the troubles in Oromia, not only for the eviction of farmers from their farmlands without compensation, the miscarriage of justice and mal-governance but also for the killing of protesters.”  Tsehaye rhetorically asked why this was the case “when the Oromo people know who their jailers and killers are.”

He is correct about one thing: The Oromo people do indeed know who their jailers and killers are. They are the army that Tsehaye helped found in Tigray 17 years before TPLF came to power. It is the same army and security forces that he leads behind the throne like a puppet master who have been jailing and killing the Oromo and other Ethiopians for asking legitimate questions, or exercising their constitutional rights for the last 25 years.

In theory, TPLF governs only far away Tigray and OPDO is Oromia’s ruling party. But protesters are chanting anti-TPLF slogans precisely because the Oromo know full well who created the OPDO and who continues to mastermind it. The Oromo know full well that 26 years later, TPLF still maintains a tight stranglehold on OPDO, which is unable to even elect its own leaders, let alone represent the Oromo. Instead of taking responsibility for the ensuing debacle, Tsehaye resorted to insulting the intelligence of the Oromo people by advising them to direct their outrage against the “corrupt local administrators” that he appointed and maintained on the backs of the Oromo people as Federal Affairs Minister, which runs the regional states as a British colonial viceroy once ran his native appointees.

His open invitation for civil war among the Oromo aside, Tsehay should have known that the Oromo have no ill will against the people of Tigray and hold malice against none. Like their Ethiopian brothers and sisters, they are and have been protesting because they are denied liberty to be governed by those they elect freely rather than cadres handpicked by Tsehaye’s secretive echo chamber. They want to exercise the genuine and full implementation of the country’s constitution, which Tsehaye willfully subverted as federal affairs minister and continue to do so as an advisor to the prime minister.

The mark of a failed leader is the failure to take responsibility and passing the buck. Even if at an old age, one would have wished that Tsehaye had learned to take responsibility. Rather than distorting it, one would have wished he reckoned with the truth. The time of reckoning is upon Tsehaye and his party, a party that promises democracy and claims 100 percent electoral victory in sham elections; a party that promises federalism and centralizes all power in the hands of a narrow clique; a party that recognizes expansive constitutional rights on paper and jails and kills people who peacefully attempt to exercise them; and a party that reports double-digit growth dislodging and dispossessing millions from their ancestral lands without due process of law or compensation and pockets the proceeds from shady land deals.

The overarching message of Oromo protesters to EPRDF is unambiguous: Your time is up. It is the same yearning for freedom that Tsehaye and his peers heeded in their youth but betrayed once assuming power. Tigrayan freedom fighters-turned-autocrats should crank up the volume and listen to it again. For the OPDO, an Oromo saying comes to mind: Waan halangeen deemtuf fardi hin walaalu, meaning a horse that did not heed the whip’s crack does not feel the whipping.

A massive purge is headed their way. For its own survival, OPDO can no longer defer facing up to its creator and asserting its autonomy, first by ridding itself of leaders answerable only to TPLF. Sure, it will face TPLF’s wrath. But should it do so, it will have the backing of 40 million Oromo.

Why Ethiopia is making a historic ‘master plan’ U-turn

By Mathias Muindi

Rights groups say that at least 150 protesters have died and another 5,000 have been arrested by security forces. Similar protests in May 2014 left dozens of protesters dead.

(BBC Monitoring) –A controversial plan by the Ethiopian government to expand the capital, Addis Ababa, is set to be scrapped after a key member of the ruling coalition withdrew its support.

The expansion plan sparked deadly violence in the central-southern state of Oromia, which surrounds Addis Ababa.

Rights groups say that at least 150 protesters have died and another 5,000 have been arrested by security forces. Similar protests in May 2014 left dozens of protesters dead.

Prime Minister Hailemariam Desalegn had vowed on 16 December that his government would be “merciless” towards the protesters, who he described as “anti-peace forces”.

However in a surprising move, the Oromo People’s Democratic Organisation (OPDO) said on 12 January that it had resolved to “fully terminate” the plan after a three-day meeting.

Rejection of official plans by government members is unprecedented in Ethiopia.

It is also historic, as it could be seen as acknowledging the legitimacy of the protests.

The governing coalition – the Ethiopian People’s Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF) – has not yet issued an official statement on the future of its so-called “master plan” for Addis Ababa’s expansion.

Any form of development the world over is going to upset someone, and the Ethiopian authorities have always said they would consult communities before bulldozing ahead.But many Oromos, especially in the rural areas, view the expansion as a ploy by other ethnic groups, especially the Tigray and Amhara, to uproot them from their fertile lands under the guise of development.

The Oromo, who constitute about 40% of Ethiopia’s 100 million inhabitants, frequently complain that the government is dominated by the Tigray and Amhara who hail from north of the capital.

The governing coalition – the Ethiopian People’s Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF) – has not yet issued an official statement on the future of its so-called “master plan” for Addis Ababa’s expansion.

But the extensive coverage of the OPDO statement by the tightly controlled state TV and pro-government websites indicates that the authorities will abandon it.

Ten armed rebellions

It is also surprising that the OPDO publicly expressed its condolences to bereaved families and pledged to assist those who lost property in the protests.

Such promises signal the depth of concern within the OPDO over the long-term impact of the protests.

The country’s political stability is fragile and it faces numerous domestic and international disputes.

Ethiopia has up to 10 domestic armed rebellions, mainly in the regions of Oromia, Tigray and Amhara and Gambella to the west.

There is also long-standing rebel activity in the south-eastern state of Somali, also known as Ogaden.

Besides the border dispute with Eritrea, which sparked a 1999-2000 war, the country shares volatile borders with Somalia and South Sudan.

Pacification of the country’s largest ethnic group removes one headache for the authorities.

Continuing the crackdown might have spurred Oromos to join rebel groups active in their region.

As long ago as 2002, late Prime Minister Meles Zenawi said Oromo students and opposition activists presented the most serious threat to his government.

So in the face of the large Oromo constituency, the OPDO realised that supporting the master plan undermined its grassroots support and influence within the EPRDF.

Political maturity

It is unclear what impact the move will have on the economy, which is one of the fastest growing in Africa.

Part of this growth is fuelled by state investment in large infrastructural projects.

Despite the impressive development, Ethiopia is ranked 173 out of the 187 nations surveyed in the last UN Human Development Index and has high poverty indexes, mainly related to the rising population.

This has put immense pressure on Ethiopia’s natural resources, including land, which has become a flashpoint.

Most of Ethiopia’s population is based in the rural areas and engaged in subsistence farming.

The state owns the land, leaving little incentive for farmers to engage in economically viable farming.

Some of the best land has also been leased to foreigners, further fuelling the tensions.

While shelving the plan would be a major retreat for the government, it is a sign of political maturity of the EPRDF, which has consistently been accused by rights groups of being heavy-handed towards dissent since coming to power in 1991.

The step, even if temporary, also removes the rug from under the feet of its numerous critics and will earn it political goodwill from Ethiopia’s international supporters, including Western donors.

Ethiopia: Civil society groups urge the international community to address killing of Oromo protesters

amnesty14 January 2016, 16:34 UTC

CIVICUS: World Alliance for Citizen Participation, the East and Horn of Africa Human Rights Defenders Project (DefendDefenders) and Amnesty International urge Ethiopia’s development and international partners to addressthe killing of at least 140 protesters in the Oromia region since December 2015.

On 12 November 2015, peaceful protests started in the Oromia Region, southwest of the capital, Addis Ababa, in response to measures taken to transfer the ownership of a community school and portions of a local forest to private investors. The protests have since expanded in scope and size against wider grievances concerning the expansion of Addis Ababa into the Oromia Region under the government’s Integrated Development Master Plan. They have also turned violent, resulting in the killing of protesters, and arrests of protesters and opposition leaders.

The government announced on 12 January that it was cancelling the Master Plan, but protests continued the next day in parts of Western Hararghe, Ambo and Wellega where the police and the military used live bullets and beat protesters.

The government’s labelling of the mostly peaceful protesters as “terrorists” on 15 December 2015 further escalated the response of the police, and the military.
Muthoni Wanyeki, Amnesty International’s Regional Director for East Africa, the Horn and the Great Lakes.

“Use of excessive and lethal force against protestors, coupled with mass arrests of peaceful demonstrators and human rights defenders represent a worrying escalation of the government’s on-going campaign to silence any form of dissent in the country,” said Mandeep Tiwana, Head of Policy and Research at CIVICUS. “The international community must take up the issue of accountability for these grave rights violations with the Ethiopian government.”

The police and the military responded with excessive force to the peaceful protests that began on 1 December 2015, including by use of live ammunition against protesters, among them children as young as 12. Estimates confirmed by international and national watchdog groups like Human Rights Watch indicate that at least 140 protesters have already been killed in the protests.

“The government’s labelling of the mostly peaceful protesters as “terrorists” on 15 December 2015 further escalated the response of the police, and the military and resulted in more violations, including killings, beatings and mass arrests of protesters, opposition party leaders and members, and journalists” says Muthoni Wanyeki, Amnesty International’s Regional Director for East Africa, the Horn and the Great Lakes.

Scores of those arrested have been denied access to lawyers and family members. They are reportedly being held under the Anti-terrorism Proclamation and remain at risk of torture and other ill-treatment.

Journalists and opposition leaders, including Bekele Gerba (Deputy Chairman, Oromo Federalist Congress), Getachew Shiferaw (Editor-in-Chief of the online newspaper Negere Ethiopia) and Fikadu Mirkana (Oromia Radio and TV), have also been arrested while documenting or participating in the protests.

The violent response to the Oromo protests represents perhaps the most severe crackdown on the right to peaceful assembly since the contested 2005 elections in which nearly 200 protestors were killed in the capital,” said Hassan Shire, Executive Director of DefendDefenders. “The international community’s worrying silence on this matter may further embolden the authorities to crank up their campaign of repression.”

Amnesty International, Human Rights Watch and other organisations have also previously documented similar patterns of excessive use of force, mass arrests, torture and other forms of ill-treatment against demonstrators, political oppositions and activists. On 28 October 2014, Amnesty International published a report entitled “Because I am Oromo”: Sweeping Repression in the Oromia Region of Ethiopia (AFR 25/006/2014).

All those being held solely for exercising their rights to freedom of expression and assembly must be immediately and unconditionally released. The Ethiopian authorities must ensure that victims of human rights violations by law enforcement officials have access to an effective remedy and obtain adequate reparation, including compensation, rehabilitation, satisfaction, and guarantees of non-repetition.

CIVICUS, the East and Horn of Africa Human Rights Defenders Project and Amnesty International appeal to Ethiopia’s development and international partners to encourage the government to:

  • immediately stop mass arrests, beatings and killing of protesters, journalists and opposition party leaders and members;
  • ensure access to family members, lawyers and review of detention by a court of law for protesters, journalists and opposition party members and leaders in detention; and
  • establish an independent inquiry into the use of excessive force during the protests. If the investigation finds that there has been excessive use of force, those responsible must be subject to criminal and disciplinary proceedings as appropriate.

Letter of the Day: Seeking justice for the Oromo people of Ethiopia

 

Tullu Milki, Salale ( North Shawa) Jan 8, 2016
Hawi Fantaye(The Tampa Tribune) — I was born in Ethiopia and came here nine years ago. I am 19, and I go to Hillsborough Community College. I am writing because of the situations going on in Ethiopia.

I don’t know if you are aware, but the Ethiopian government is having a war with its own people. This war has been going on for over 25 years. The ongoing discrimination against the Oromo tribe has become too much to handle. Recently, the Ethiopian government set out a “Master Plan” — expanding the capital and building meaningless buildings that will only benefit the government. Their goal is said to be to develop the country.

Although this seems like a favorable act, there are many things happening behind the scenes due to this master plan. For one thing, farmers in neighboring cities of the capital will be stripped of their land, with no compensation. Ethiopia is known for having vast land for agriculture. Many people rely on farming to support their families. When the government takes the Oromo people’s land with little to no compensation, these people have nothing left. My family is a victim of this land grab.

Recently the government took my grandmother’s land, which was about half an acre. They said they needed to build a road. They gave my grandmother $50 for all the land she lost. My grandmother used to grow crops and sell them in the market to support her grandkids. Now she is struggling and reaching out for help.

These kinds of cases have been going on for years in Ethiopia. This is my ancestors’ land, and it is sad to see it all being taken away.

The Master Plan is just a fraudulent scheme to take the Oromo people’s land. If the government really wanted to develop the country, then it would have worked on other pressing matters. For example, the water system and electricity are horrible in Ethiopia, especially in the Oromo region. There are times when people don’t get water for a whole week. And there are times when electricity is shut down for days and days. Also, there is a huge drought going on in the Oromo region. Instead of working on these issues, the government decides to just ignore the public’s concerns. This shows that the so called Master Plan is not really taking into consideration the Oromo people and what they are losing.

Recently, many university and high school students went on a peaceful protest against the Master Plan. Many students were upset and wanted to show their frustration. With the democratic state that Ethiopia claims to be, peaceful protest should be allowed; after all, we all have the right to protest. Shockingly, the Ethiopian government did not like the protest so they sent out federal soldiers to kill and arrest protesters. There have been over 131 deaths and 3,500-plus arrests in just the past month. There were many people wounded due to the government throwing bombs at its people. When these innocent protesters tried to go to the hospitals, many were denied care and left there to die.

As an Oromo, I am deeply saddened with what is going on in Ethiopia. No government should ever do such cruel acts against its own people. This is not a democracy!

The Ethiopian government is controlled by the Tigray people, who account for only 15 percent of Ethiopia’s population. The Tigray region of Ethiopia is one of the most successful — industrialized — due to the government supporting its own tribe of people. The Oromo people account for more than 50 percent of Ethiopia’s population, yet they are the most discriminated against. They are seen as being inferior.

I would like to raise awareness about what is going on in Ethiopia. I want to get some justice for my people. They have been treated wrong for many years, and it is time for them to prevail and be free.

A Master Plan for Urban Sprawl versus City Densification A Master Plan for Urban Sprawl versus City Densification

By Gabisso Halaale,

saynoIn free societies, political leaders are elected by the people. Therefore, they safeguard the economic, political, social and cultural interests of the electorate. If the citizens are aggrieved by the actions of the politicians they have elected to lead them, they will fire them in the next rounds of elections. In free societies no single political institution has a monopoly over political views and therefore there are wide alternatives from which the electorate can freely select the political institution that it thinks can best serve its interests. In essence, therefore, in free societies, leaders are servants of the people and not the other way round. Accordingly, before implementing any major decisions that affect the economic, social and cultural interests of the citizens, governments in free societies widely consult the citizens either through public fora or referenda to reach consensuses. These can range from a minor family related laws, policies and plans to more complex socio-economic problems.

On the contrary, in unfree societies such as colonies, empires and kingdoms, leaders or rather rulers seize political power through a hereditary aristocratic succession, a coup de tat, and/or as victors of expansion or a civil war. Therefore, rulers of the unfree societies are not accountable to the people they rule. Nothing obliges them to safeguard the interests of the citizens. In unfree societies, the primary objective of the rulers is to serve their own narrow selfish interests. Therefore, in unfree societies the people are servants of the rulers. Rulers can take any decisions that have immense implications on the economic, social, and cultural interests of the citizens with impunity. Because they are not accountable to the people, rulers of unfree societies cannot tolerate any dissenting voices. Any decisions taken by rulers are right, because for dictators the “might is always right.” That is what is happening in Oromia and other parts of the TPLF colonies in Ethiopia today. It is crystal clear today than ever before that the oppressed peoples of this country cannot expect the TPLF government to safeguard their economic, social, and cultural interests. On the contrary, the systematic violence of the TPLF regime on the civilians bear the hallmark of a regime hell bent to destroy the very fabric of the oppressed societies.

One may argue that the TPLF does not rule the various colonial regions directly and therefore may not be held fully accountable for atrocities this regime commits against civilians in these regions. True, TPLF had manufactured dozens of ethnic based Peoples’ Democratic Organizations (PDOs) in 1991 and 1992 and thereafter and created a nominal alliance, the EPRDF, not as a front as it claims, but as a fronting entity for the TPLF dictatorial rule in the country. The very use of PDOs as fronting entities for the TPLF rule is illegal and corrupt practice and cannot therefore exonerate the TPLF from being accountable for the actions of the leaders of these charade of political parties commit. At a deeper level, not only the PDOs are manufactured by the TPLF, the leaders of these facade of political entities are handpicked by the TPLF and therefore are fully accountable to the latter. The PDO puppets are first and for most accountable to the TPLF and secondly to themselves. Their primary objective is to safeguard the political and economic interests of their mentors, the TPLF and secondly share the spoils left over by their masters. They are the shame of the oppressed societies. On the other hand, if any PDO representative attempts to voice a genuine concern about the people she/he claims to represent, she/he will face a harsh “evaluation” or “gimgema” and will be removed from her/his position with immediate effect. Therefore, the TPLF indirect rule is no different from any colonial indirect rule and therefore cannot exonerate them from the atrocities being committed against the oppressed peoples in the country.
The Oromo people overwhelmingly rejected the so called Addis Ababa Master Plan for over a year and a half now. Since April 2014 civilians, young and old, men and women and people from all walks of life peacefully protested in the streets across the vast Oromia territory rejecting the Mater Plan and echoing their grievances against the age-old economic, political, and cultural marginalization. And yet because the TPLF colonial rulers are not accountable to the people, they refuse to listen to the grievances of millions of the Oromo electorate. Instead, they continue to unleash their military might on the unarmed civilians killing over 140 and wounding and imprisoning tens of thousands. Bekele Gerba, a deputy chairperson of the Oromo Federalist Congress a legally registered opposition political party in the country, and a Professor of foreign language in Addis Ababa University, who was released from jail just five months ago has been imprisoned again and is being tortured in Miakelawi prison at present. Bekele Gerba is an avid advocate of peaceful resistance and his continued mistreatment by the TPLF regime only exposes the sadistic nature of this colonial rulers.

One may ask why the TPLF rulers are so determined to implement Master Plan of urban sprawl at any cost. The Master Plan envisages incorporating 36 towns and 17 districts from the Oromia region. This is an urban sprawl of an epic proportion. The constitutional and legal fallacy of the Master Plan to expand Addis Ababa has been eloquently expounded by the Oromia legal experts and as a non-lawyer, I do not have much to add on that.

In this short piece, I would rather attempt to elucidate the debate around urban sprawl versus densification of the exiting urban spaces. Is urban sprawl the only alternative to develop Addis Ababa? Does the current land use pattern and density of the Addis Ababa city warrant a master plan to expand the city ten folds in the coming decade or so? Is the expansion worth the human and the ecological costs it entails?

First, as dictatorial rulers, the TPLF officials did not bother to assess what the optimal development model for the federal city like Addis Ababa should look like. Today there are ongoing debates about building ecologically, economically and socially sustainable urban centers instead of expanding urban spaces boundlessly. Densification of cities has historically been a widely used approach to achieve sustainable urban development. Densification can be applied as an urban development model not only to new cities but also to old cities with reasonable unused or less optimally used urban spaces. The densification of cities has a number of advantages. These include, among others, an efficient use of land which is one of the scarcest resources; less travelling distances and hence low consumption of energy and low pollution; better scenic beauty as cities become more compact; and social sustainability. Densification also saves travel costs for the citizens and the costs of delivering basic economic and social services by the government. On the other hand, in sprawling cities, the costs of transport from suburban areas to work places may be prohibitive to the poorer sections of the society endangering social sustainability. In addition, for sprawling cities the government has to cough up huge sums of funds for investments on road construction, electricity grid extensions, water supplies and telephone lines, among others. In light of the above, can Ethiopia afford to allow Addis Ababa to sprawl out of control? The answer is negative. The Addis Ababa master plan is therefore socially, ecologically, and environmentally unsustainable model of city development and should be scrapped immediately.

Secondly, according to the TPLF government reports, the land area of Addis Ababa city in 2012 was 51, 957.87 hectares or roughly 520 sq. km. The population of Addis Ababa in 2012 was 3.0 million. The density of Addis Ababa in 2012 was therefore about 5769 persons per sq. km. According to statistic from Newgeography, among the 26 megacities of the world (cities that have population of 10 million or more) only 6 cities have population density significantly less than that of Addis Ababa in 2012. Dhaka, the capital of Bangladesh, has the highest population density (44,400 people per sq.km) followed by Mumbai in India with 30,900 persons per sq. km and Karachi Pakistan with 18300 person per sq. km. In Africa Lagos, has a population of 11.5 million but land area less than twice that of Addis Ababa thus making it the most densely populated city in Africa with 12,700 persons per sq. km.

More over according to Juan C.A. Gomez (2015) “Addis Ababa ranked the city with more slums in Africa, with alarming numbers, 80% of the city lives in low quality, slum-like dwellings, most of them with no sanitary services, potable water, waste management, etc. 70% of the slums are located in the inner city, mostly in premium locations of special interest for the city or private developers, this shows the enormity of the issue and why slum-upgrading policies, eviction actions, relocation schemes and more programmes are in the front of both architectural and political discourses.” In addition to this, according to the 2012 land use report 27% of the land in Addis is used for field crop production. Addis Ababa has an ample potential for densification and more sustainable city development. There does not appear any economic and social imperative to expand the city any more in the coming few decades.

Why then would the TPLF want to confiscate lands from 36 towns and 17 districts from the Oromia region while the Addis Ababa is one of the least densely populated and 80% of it is in slum-like conditions in need of urgent development? The answer is clear. TPLF does not seem to be interested in the sustainable development of Addis Ababa city at all. It appears that the primary objective in developing the master plan is simply to grab as much land as possible to enrich the TPLF officials and their henchmen. They know very well that it is more difficult and costly to evict Addis Ababa city slum dwellers than evicting a poor Oromo farmer in the surrounding villages of the city. It is mind boggling to witness a government refusing to backtrack on a master plan to expand a slum city ten folds to create the largest city slum on planet earth while countries in Africa and the rest of the world have embarked on the development of more ecologically, economically and socially sustainable compact cities. This reflects TPLF’s bottomless arrogance and contempt on Oromo society in particular and all other oppressed peoples in general. Addis Ababa was built on Oromo land. It has progressively displaced millions of Oromo people to vacate 520 sq. km of free space to build the city. And yet the right of the Oromo people on their ancestral land has never been recognized. This regime takes the oppressed peoples for granted and would want us not to question their irrational and the most sub optimal economic and political decisions. This is yet another testimony that the TPLF led government is never a developmental state it claims to be after all and never will it be one.

The boundless expansion of Addis Ababa city is illegal, unconstitutional, and economically, ecologically, and socially unsustainable. The master plan is not worth the economic costs it entails let alone the vast human suffering and ecological destruction it engenders. The master plan must be therefore scrapped and should be replaced with densification of urban areas. Failing this, the TPLF will plunge the country and itself into oblivion.

AMMAAN BOODA JIRAA OROMOO DHIISITII DU’AAN OROMOOLLEE HARQOOTA GABRUMMAA HIN BAATU

 

 

Taammanaa Bitimaa irraaTPLFHandsoffLand20155
Kunoo, amma bara moofaa keessaa gara bara haaraatti dabarree jirra. Barri dabre kun, barri 2015 bara Oromooti jechuu dandeenya. Kan bara san bara Oromoo taasese immoo Qabsoo Oromoo isa Dhaloota Qubeetiin dachee Oromiyaa sochoosee, diina Oromoo ollachiise sani. Jarri qawwee baaddhatee, harree ooffatee, barabaasoon Oromiyaa seenee qabeenya uummata Oromoo saammatee, abbootii kitilaa (abbootii miliyoonaa) tahe kun, kunoo waggaalee 24 guutuu qawween gateettii isaa irraa hin bune. Takkaa qawwee boraafatee rafuu hin dhiifne. Amma qawween lafee fi dhiiga isaa keessa tuulamuun sammuu isaayyuu weerare jira. Eeyyee, jarri qawwee bakka amantii ofii buufate kun kan durii caala, bara dabre kana keessa dhiiga ijoollee Oromoo akka galaana Adoolessaatti dhangalaasee jira. Haadholii fi ijoollee bira kutee akkoowwanillee galaafatee argama. Shamarran Oromoo, ililliiwwan teenya humna qawweetiin gudeeduun nu jalaa salphiseeti jira. Guddattuu waggaa torbaallee otoo hin hambisin galaafatee argama.Kana hundaa oggaa godhu, uummanni addunyaa teeknolojii bara ammayyaa isa ijoolleen Oromoo irra geesseen daawwachaa ture. Ammallee ittuma jira. Mee eenyutu, xiinxalaa seenaa fi taliigaa (siyaasaa) isa kamtu Oromiyaa guutuu irraa, gandeeni fi magaalattiiwwan takkallee otoo hin hafin, Oromoon akkanatti ka’uun sochowee dachee sochoosa jedhee himee ture? Maarree, sabni akkasitti hudhamee waanjoo gabrummaa jala jiru, hudhaatiin sun hafuura tokkollee baafachuu isa dhoowwinaan akkasitti olka’e. Ammas jarri sammuun isaanii gara qawweetti geeddarame kun, qaawa tokkollee waan nuuf hin dhiifneef irra-caalaa akka waltaanee kaanu, akka waltaanee fincillu nu dhiibaa jiru. Ammas kan bara dabree caalaa akka alaa-manaa waltaanee sochoonu nu gochaa jiru. Ammaan booda jiraa Oromoo dhiisitii du’aan Oromoollee diina biyya keenya qabateen dhiddhiitamee buluu akka hin qabne, uummanni Oromoos beekee jira, Waaqnis isaaf beekee jira! Tokkummaan isaa, seexaan isaa, tooftaa fi malli isaa kana caalaa jabaatee itti-fufuu qaba! Uummanni Oromoo abbaan nagaa fi nageenyaa kun, inni nagaa ilmoo namaa dhiisitii kan bineeyyii fi biqiltuuwwanillee eegee bulu kun, daangaa namaa hin dabarre, nagaa ollaa fi namoota biyya isaa keessa nagaan jiraatanii hin booressine. Ammoo, warra jibbii fi qawween sammuu fi onnee isaa dhuunfate kanaan qeyeedhuma isaa keessatti, araddaadhuma isaa irratti dararamaa, ijoolleen isaa akka baala mukaatti jalaa harcawaa jirti. Warri Wayyaanee kun sadarkaa ilmoo namaa irraa gara sadarkaa bineensaatti ofumaan of gadibuusanii argamu. Kanaaf, uummannii fi sabni Oromoo qabsoo bilisummaafi walabummaa isaa daran cimsee itti-fufuu malee, filmaata biraa tokkollee hin qabu!Qabsoon ammaan tana Oromiyaa guutuu irratti adeemaa jiru kun qabsoo nagaati. Qabsoon kun akkanumatti, kana caalayyuu cimee of-cimsuun, irra-caalayyuu malaa fi tooftaa isaa babaldhifachuun itti-fufuu qaba! Kannneen keessaa qabsoon dinagdee warra Wayyaanee irratti oofamu karaa fi daangaa isaa babaldhifachuun jabaatee itti-fufamuun kan hardhaa-boru hin jedhamne. Uummanni Oromoo seenaa isaa keessa deebiyuun irraa baratee isa ammaa kanaaf oolchuutu isa baasa. Jecha dubbii Oromoo keessa: “uummanni sitti jiguu mannaa, Waaqni sitti jiguu wayya“, kan jedhamutu jira. “Yoo Waaqni sitti jige, uummatatu kadhatee, booyee Waaqa kadhachuun jalaa si oolcha. Yoo uummanni sitti jige garuu kan isa jalaa si baasu hin jiru.“, jedha uummanni beekaan kun. Oromoon alagaa dhiisitii dhala Oromooyyuu, isa seera fi aadaa isaa jeeqe, isa waan dhalli namaa hin hojjanne hojjate tokko karaa itti isa adabu qaba. Nama akkanaa kanatti akka namuu hin dubbanne, yoo balaan irra gaye akka isaaf hin birmanne, yoo innii fi miseensi maatii isaa tokko boqote akka bayee hin awwaalle faa waliigaluun adaba. Ammas nuti Oromoonni, warra dhiiga kichuuwwan keenyaa akka galaanaatti dhangalaase kana: waa irraa hin binnu; waas isatti hin gurgurru. Hoteela isaa seennee hin bullu; restoraantii isaa seennee waa hin nyaannu. Konkolaataa isaatiin hin deemnu. Huccuu faabrikaa isaa keessaa baye binnee hin uffannu. Eekaa, meeqaa meeqa lakkoofnee tarreessa ollaa mitii dubbiin kun karaa maraan cimee, cimsee itti-fufamuutu kan Oromoo fi Oromiyaa baasu taha.

Kana malees, siyachi nuti Oromoonni baadiyaas, kanneen magaalaawwanis gibira lafaa fi manaa mootummaa Wayyaanee kanaaf galchuu hin qabnu. Mootummaan Wayyaanee, mootummaa otoo hin taane, garee fi tuuta gaadduu fi saamtuu-ti. Shiftaa fi gaadduunillee safuu fi safeeffata xiqqoo wayii waan qabaniif, daa’immanii fi haayyolee hin tuqani. Sadarkaan warri Wayyaanee amma irratti argaman sadarkaa: gaadduu, saamtuu, shiftaa fi addaggee gandeen keessaa-ti. Warra akkanaa kanaaf, gibira galchuun, qaraxa baasuun, manneen seeraa isaanii walgeessuu dhaabu qabna. Kanaafuu, qabsoon karaa nagaa inni ijoolleen teenya jalqabdee, uummanni keenya ishii cinaa dhaabachuun itti-cimse kun karaa maraan baldhatee, ititee, walqabachuun itti-fufuutu kan nus, biyya keenyas baasu taha. Kakuu dhaa; laguu dhaa; hoodaa kun itti-fufamuu qaba! Ennaa kana goonu hunda, namoota alagaa warra nagaan biyya keenya keessa jiratanii, nagaa fi nageenya isaanii tikfachuu qabna. Nuti kana kan goonu, nama wayii sodaannee yookaan: “maal nuun jedhuuf” otoo hin taane, aadaa fi duudhaa uummata Oromoo raajeffatamaa kanaa irraa barachuuni. Dhaloonni Qubee raajeffatamaan kun karaa kanaanis akka addunyaan isa raajeffatu taasifatee jira.

Qabsoon keenya kun Gaafa Afrikaa guutuu irraa tumsaa fi mararfannoo daran cimaa horatee muldhata. Uummatoonni fi jaarmoleen warra: Ogaadeen, Afaar, Sidaamaa, Benshaangul, Gambeellaa fi warri kaan nu bira dhaabatanii argamu. Dhiigni ijoollee teenyaa fi lafeen isanii isaanis akkuma keenya aarsee, akkuma keenya ilkaan ciniinnachiisee nu maddii dhaabee jira. Biyyoota alaa kanatti dhiigni fi foon keenya warri Ogaadeen hiriira goonu cufa irratti takkaa nu biraa hin hafne. Nuti dhalawwan Oromoo warri bineensummaa mootummaa Habashaa kanneen durii fi isa ammaa kana jalaa baqachuun biyyalafaa guutuu keessa faffacaanee jirru, kan ammaa caalaa jabaannee firoottan qabsoo keenyaaf horachuu qabna. Keessumaa akka uummanni Afrikaa fi Afro-Ameerikaanonni waayee keenya sirriitti qalbeeffataniif guyyuu irratti hojjachuutu, dubbii nu baasu taha! “Abbaan iyyatu malee, ollaan namaaf hin birmatu“, jedha Oromoon keenya.

Nuti Oromoonni biyyoota ambaa keessatti argamnu, kunoo torbanoota saddeet guutuu boowaa, hiriira bahaa, halkanillee cabbii Oroppaa fi Ameerikaa keessa bulaa, addunyaatti iyyachaa jirra. Otoo imimmaan nu keessaa gadi yaa’aa jiru kan waraabamu tahee, Laga Waabee guutuu dandaya. Garuu, kan ammaa caalaa cimnee karaa maraan uummata keenya, isa biyyaa dararamaa jiru bira dhaabachuutu dirqama seenaa fi dirqama dhalootaa nutti taha. Isa guyyaatti al-sadii nyaannu keessaa isa al-tokkoo qabsoof oolchuun keenya dirqama. Isa sa’aa saddeet rafnu keessaa sa’aa sadii waayee qabsoo keenyaa irratti hojjachuutu sirrii dha. Jaarmoleen Oromoo isaan garagaraa kan ammaa caalaa walitti dhufuun tokkummaa isaanii jabeeffachuu qabu. Kana biraa kutuun namoonni Oromoo warri seera baratan waltayanii dureewwan warra Wayyaanee isaan biyyoota alaa keessa deddeeman seera addunyaatti, mana murtii UNO-tti dhiyeessuu qabu! Oromoonni biroo immoo karaa hundaan isaan gargaruun waanuma jiru. Abadan ammaan booda dureewwan warra Wayyaanee dhiiga ijoollee fi uummata keenyaa akkanatti lolaasanii olii-gadi deddeemuun dhaabachuu qaba!

Nuti Oromoonni alaa-manaa kan ammaa caalaa warra OPDO kana irratti hojjachuu qabna. Oggaan kana jedhu Muktaar Kadirii fi Abbaa Duulaa faa jechuu kiyyaa miti. Isaan kana hamma feene irratti hojjannullee, ashkarummaa fi jala-kaattummaa jalaa isaan baasuu hin dandeenyu. Miseensota OPDO kanneen kumaan lakkaawaman, miseensota foolisii Oromiyaa fi waraana Toopphiyaa irratti karaa addaddaatiin iyya harmee Oromiyaa dabarsuufii qabna. Ilmaan Oromoo warri qawwee qabachuun diina jala jiran, qawwee san qabatanii uummata ofiitti dabalamuu qabu. Kun hojii salphaa wayii waan hin taneef, laaffifneetoo bira dabruu hin qabnu.

Qabsoon keenya inni amma finiina jiru kun, qabsoo isa karaa nagaati jedheen ture. Garuu, jarri karaa nagaa kana callaan nu lafa irraa duguuguu kana irraa akka duubatti hin deebne ganamumaan beekuutu sirrii dha. Warri sammuun isaanii gara qawweetti jijjirame kun, akka harki keenya qawwee qabatuuf nu dhiibaa jiru. Kun akka laayyootti ilaalamuu akka hin qabne, hundi keenya beekuun qajeelaa dha. “Qawween eessaayyi dhufa?“, naan hin jedhinaa, qawween Oromiyaa keessa ciisaa jiraa! Uummata bilisummaa ofiitii ijaaramee, tokkoomee ka’eef: qottoon, dongoraan, doomaan, cakiin, halbeen, haamtuun, maarashaan, cuubeen, eebboon, shootalli, shimalli, gajaraan, manshiin, jaafgaan, hordaan faayyuu qawwee dha. Gabrichi abbaa-gabraa irraa hidhannoo isaa hiikkatee of-bilisoomsuun namaanis, Waaqaanis eebbifamaa dha!

Uummanni Oromoo bilisummaa uumaan qabu kanaaf karaa maraan sochowuutu isa baasa. Tokkummaan Oromoo akka kana irra cimuuf, Oromummaan akka kana irra itituuf jabaannee irratti hojjachuu qabna! Dureewwan amantii fi manneen amantii marti: kan Waaqeffataa, kan Islaamaa fi kan Kiristaanaa iyya harmee Oromiyaa dhaggeeffachuun Waaqa kadhachuufii qabu! Ammaan booda laftii fi namni, gaarranii fi laggeen Oromiyaa marti diina qawween nu irra taa’ee dhiiga ijoollee teenyaa dhangalaasu kanatti ni ka’u. Laggeen Oromiyaa diinni waraabbatee irraa dhugu dhiiga itti-tahu. Margii fi furri inni irra deemu qoree laaftoo itti-tahuun isa waraanu. Biyyee fi cirrachi inni irra ijjatu barbadaa tahuun isa waxalu. Qilleensi Oromiyaa inni fuunfatu summii isatti taha! Nama Oromoo dhiisitii horii fi bineeyyiin Oromiyaatuu tokko tahuun isa diru! Ammaan booda namaa fi lafa Oromiyaatu, Ayyaanaa fi Waaqa Oromootu ijoollee Oromootiif iyyee iyya dabarsa! Erga Waaqni fi Lafti nuuf iyyee iyya dabarsee, guyyaan bilisummaa fiwalabummaa keenyaa dhiyaachaa jira jechaa dha!
==============    //    ==============